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PERSPECTIVE
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 55-60

Gummy smile: A contemporary and multidisciplinary overview


1 Department of Orthodontics, Dental School, University of Southern Santa Catarina, (UNISUL); Tubarão - SC, Brazil
2 Department of Periodontology, Dental School, University of Southern Santa Catarina, (UNISUL); Tubarão - SC, Brazil
3 Department of Orthodontics, University of North Minas (FUNORTE/SOEBRAS), MG, Brazil
4 Department of Prosthodontics, Dental School, University of Southern Santa Catarina, (UNISUL); Tubarão - SC, Brazil

Correspondence Address:
Jefferson Ricardo Pereira
Rua Recife 200, apto 601, Bairro Recife Tubarão, Santa Catarina
Brazil
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2155-8213.113014

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The aim of this study was to elucidate the diagnosis, etiology, and therapeutic options for the treatment of gummy smile. The smile level is an imaginary line after the lower superior lip and used seems to be convex. The presence of 3 mm or grater continuous gingival band exposures to natural smile or speech performs the gummy smile. Original articles studying the diagnosis, etiology, and therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of gummy smile were searched in the Medline, Scopus, Science direct, and EBSCO host databases. Together with some example and diagnosis method was purposed. The authors conclude that the etiology is multifactorial and can be showed excessive vertical maxillary grow up, excessive labial contraction, shorter upper lip, gingival excess, and extrusion of the anterior teeth. The therapeutics alternative are often multidisciplinary, besides can be used orthognathic, plastic and periodontal surgery, and orthodontic.


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