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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 1: The presence of antigens on the surface of dental implants could trigger immune and inflammatory responses that initiate a foreign body reaction (FBR), which finally reaches a foreign body equilibrium (FBE) allowing the normal function of the implant. The loss of the foreign body equilibrium (FBE) could be the main cause of peri-implant bone loss. Ag = antigen; DC = dendritic cell; L = lymphocyte; HBMMSC = mesenchymal stem cells derived from the bone marrow; FGBC = giant foreign body cell; M = macrophage; Ob = osteoblasts; Oc = osteoclast; Ost = osteocyte

Figure 1: The presence of antigens on the surface of dental implants could trigger immune and inflammatory responses that initiate a foreign body reaction (FBR), which finally reaches a foreign body equilibrium (FBE) allowing the normal function of the implant. The loss of the foreign body equilibrium (FBE) could be the main cause of peri-implant bone loss. Ag = antigen; DC = dendritic cell; L = lymphocyte; HBMMSC = mesenchymal stem cells derived from the bone marrow; FGBC = giant foreign body cell; M = macrophage; Ob = osteoblasts; Oc = osteoclast; Ost = osteocyte