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 Table of Contents  
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 26-27

A simple wire design to protect the gums during inter-proximal stripping

1 Department of Orthodontics and Dental Anatomy, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India
2 Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, CSM Medical University, Lucknow, India

Date of Web Publication6-Apr-2013

Correspondence Address:
K C Prabhat
Department of Orthodontics and Dental Anatomy, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2155-8213.110178

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Introduction: Protection of gingiva during the inter-proximal reduction (IPR) is very essential and it is one of the most difficult tasks during IPR. Clinical Innovation: Present innovation discusses the chair-side construction of a simple wire design and its clinical use to prevent the gingival trauma during IPR. Discussion: During the IPR interproximal, gingiva should be protected by an indicator device. This wire design protects the gingiva from interproximal strips or burs during IPR. It has advantages of ease of use and can be sterilize for reuse.

Keywords: Air-rotor striping, inter proximal reduction, simple wire design

How to cite this article:
Prabhat K C, Maheshwari S, Verma SK, Bharti K. A simple wire design to protect the gums during inter-proximal stripping. Dent Hypotheses 2013;4:26-7

How to cite this URL:
Prabhat K C, Maheshwari S, Verma SK, Bharti K. A simple wire design to protect the gums during inter-proximal stripping. Dent Hypotheses [serial online] 2013 [cited 2023 Jun 2];4:26-7. Available from:

  Introduction Top

Inter-proximal reduction (IPR) of enamel has now been accepted over time as a valid treatment protocol to gain the space for minimal discrepancy cases. The procedure should be done judiciously and precisely. There is a risk of gingival tissue damage during IPR either by hand held find diamond strips or air-rotor stripping. [1],[2] An indicator device should be used in the inter-proximal space buccolingually below the contact points to protect the underlying gingiva and IPR should be done till the air-rotor burs or diamond strips reaches to the indicator devices. Here we describe a simple wire design as an indicator device to protect the gingiva during IPR.

  Clinical Innovation Top

We have designed a simple wire design to protect the gums during inter-proximal stripping. Fabrication is as follows:

  1. Bend a 90° into the center section of 6 inch length of 0.014 inch stainless steel straight length wire [Figure 1]a.
  2. Make a double back bend at 10 mm distance from the center bend [Figure 1]b.
  3. Make a 90° bend into the center section of double bend back arm [Figure 1]c.
  4. Repeat this procedure again at 8 mm and at 6 mm for upper arch and at 6 mm for lower arch on both sides [Figure 1]d. At the end of each leg make a triangle with 60° angle between the two arms to hold the wire design properly in patient's mouth [Figure 1]e.
  5. During IPR, this wire design should be inserted between the inter-proximal spaces to protect the gums [Figure 1]f.

Figure 1: (a-f) Wire design to protect the gum during inter-proximal stripping

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  Discussion Top

IPR requires special care to avoid excessive gingival tissue trauma from IPR devices. Hence gingiva must be carefully held out of contact from the reproximation burs or strips during IPR. This wire design protects the gingival papilla during IPR by shielding the gingiva from the reproximation strips or burs. This wire design has advantages that it is easily fabricated on chair-side; flexibility of wire design permits easy and quick insertion and removal and it can be sterilized for reuse. Hence, this device can emerge as an effective tool to protect the gingiva from trauma during IPR.

  References Top

1.Sheriden JJ. Air-rotor stripping. J Clin Orthod 1985;19:43-59.  Back to cited text no. 1
2.Sheridan JJ. Air-rotor stripping update. J Clin Orthod 1987;21:781-8.  Back to cited text no. 2


  [Figure 1]

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