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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 127-130

Assessment of periodontal status of the patients with dental fluorosis in area with natural high levels of fluoride: A cross-sectional survey

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Sinhgad Dental College, Pune, India
2 Dental Surgeon, Vora Multispeciality Dental Clinic, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Ketan Sukumar Vora
Vora Multidpeciality Dental Clinic, Bibwewadi-Kondhwa road, Pune-411037, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2155-8213.122674

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Introduction: Dental fluorosis exhibits as enamel mottling, surface irregularities, leading to plaque accumulation and periodontal diseases. It may cause failure of cemental resorption leading to hypercementosis and causes osteonecrosis of alveolar bone leading to reduced bone height. The study is conducted in Raichur, being known as one of the highest fluoride containing area in Karnataka with level of fluoride in drinking water approximately 3.5-5.5 ppm. This is an effort to find an association between dental fluorosis and periodontal diseases. Aims: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of severity of dental fluorosis on the periodontal status in the patients assessed. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional, epidemiological survey was carried out at rural parts of Raichur. Materials and Methods: One hundred and eleven subjects with dental fluorosis were selected for the study with age range of 15-45 years. Assessment of dental fluorosis and periodontal status was done by Dean's Community Fluorosis Index (DCFI) and Ramfjord's Periodontal Index (RPI), respectively. Statistical Analysis Used: Analysis of variance (ANOVA) test, chi-square test, and Spearman's correlation coefficient. Results: A statistically significant relation was found between severity of dental fluorosis and severity of periodontal diseases (Spearman's correlation coefficient 0.88, significant). Discussion: Dental fluorosis may have significant effect on periodontal condition. But, further studies on the periodontal status of subjects from naturally high water fluoride regions from different parts of India are essential.

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